Each of the Gospel writers was writing for a particular audience and with a specific purpose, which naturally influenced their presentation. For instance :
Matthew: Matthew wrote his book primarily for Jews. His material is well structured and features a series of narrative descriptions of the whereabouts of Jesus and His ministry, as well as His talks and interactions with different groups. The Gospel of Matthew is an apologetic effort (a defense) to prove, from Scripture, that Jesus was the promised Messiah in the Old Testament. This explains why he supports the actions, teachings and miracles of Jesus with texts and prophecies concerning the Messiah and what He would say and do. Matthew therefore uses eyewitness accounts of Jewish history and customs (genealogy, etc.) and his arguments are based on the fulfillment of prophecies about the Jewish Messiah.
Mark:The Gospel of Mark is the shortest and one of the first inspired texts in the New Testament, having been written between 64 and 67 AD. J.-C. (Matthew dates from 60-65 after J.-C.). Mark gives very little background information or theological speculation but presents in his first verse Jesus as the Son of God then describes His many miracles as proof. This method of presenting its material, short and direct, appealed to the Roman mentality and the Gospel of Mark was therefore easy to understand for non-Jews, without the complication of Jewish genealogies and references to the Old Testament which would have confused. Although the Gospel of Mark is the shortest,
Jeans :The Gospel of John was written after the difference between Jews and non-Jews had disappeared considerably (after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD). He writes from Asia Minor (Turkey) where false doctrines such as Gnosticism challenge the claims of Christianity, and so John’s aim is to show that Jesus was both fully human and fully divine. Gnosticism taught that Jesus was partly human or partly divine at different times, for example that the divine part of Himself descended upon Him at His baptism and left Him at His crucifixion. John therefore wants to show that Jesus is fully the divine Son of God and that salvation is found in Him alone. It does this by presenting a series of
Luke:Both Matthew and John were chosen apostles and they witnessed Jesus’ baptism, ministry, death, resurrection and ascension, and their accounts reflect this. Mark was a co-worker with Paul and Barnabas on their first mission trip, but he left them before the trip was over. Barnabas, his cousin, continued thereafter to guide him in the ministry after Paul had refused to bring him with them on their next missionary journey. He later regained Paul’s approval. Eventually he became secretary to the apostle Peter; his gospel is actually what he wrote and put in order regarding Peter’s testimony and experience with Jesus. In the same way, Luke does
In his description of an event that took place in Antioch (Acts 11:27-30), Luke’s grammar suggests that he was present and witnessed the event. This would mean that he was a non-Jew, probably converted to Christ after Christians who had fled from Jerusalem because of the persecution there were preaching the gospel throughout Judea and even further north. During this time, a church was established in Antioch where Luke lived (Acts 11:19). Colossians 4:10-14 mentions Luke as a gentile and a physician; he may have received his medical training in Antioch where there was a reputable medical school at the time. If so, a quarter of the New Testament was written by a gentile convert to Christianity.